Come each autumn, the expansive Historic Orchard at Heritage Farm in Decorah displays an impressive array of apple colors, from green and yellow to red and pink,. Some fruits are small, others somewhat larger...some are round, others more of an oval shape. All taste distinct, and most bear glorious names like ‘Chanango Strawberry,’ ‘Coos River Beauty,’ and ‘Lamb Abbet Pearmain.’Read More
These are no Galas or Granny Smiths, no Fujis or Honeycrisps. With all due respect to the handful of varieties one might peruse in the average grocery store produce section, many of the apple trees visitors find gorgeously blooming in spring in Seed Savers Exchange’s Historic Orchard—and bearing a bounty of fruit come summer and fall—can be found few other places in North America.
One could easily argue that apples are the iconic North American fruit, evoking in us poignant memories of making apple pie with our grandparents or picking fresh apples off fruit-laden boughs with our siblings. The phrase “American as apple pie” resonates for a reason, after all. For many of our forebears, apples were even essential to survival as the fruit traveled well and provided much-needed sustenance for the immigrants who headed westward across North America in the 19th century.
The Historic Orchard at Seed Savers Exchange, started on five acres of Heritage Farm in 1989, is a testament to our commitment to save, steward, and share the full richness of North America’s apple heritage. Today, 30 years after its inception, it holds more than 1,200 varieties of apple trees! But with the oldest trees declining in vitality and most of the younger trees in the collection sitting in nursery beds where they are not yet able to thrive, this nationally significant collection needs re-generation and revitalization.
And Seed Savers Exchange has crafted a plan to do just that. Over the next few years, we aim to reorganize and strengthen the structural integrity of the orchard, as well as trellis a number of the trees for greater density. Our goal to date has been to maintain two free-standing trees of each variety, but this is no longer possible, leaving some varieties at risk.
Going forward, one tree of each variety will be grafted onto dwarfing root stock and grown on trellises, thus taking up a fraction of the space of the free-standing trees. This reorganization will ensure that we have at least two trees of each variety and allow our current collection to be grown within the confines of the orchard area, with room to expand the collection as we receive new varieties.
The bottom line? This work will help us manage and preserve more rare and endangered varieties within a limited space, and enable researchers, historians, orchardists, visitors, and our local community to enjoy the orchard fully as well as learn about different methods of growing and managing apple trees for long-term preservation.
You can help Seed Savers Exchange ensure that the more than 1,200 amazing apple varieties in our Historic Orchard at Heritage Farm continue to be preserved and shared, in turn ensuring that the diverse beauty and taste of North America’s 19th-century apple heritage is here for all of us today and for generations to come.
This is the first of a four-part series about Seed Savers Exchange’s Historic Orchard. Next up: high points in the history of this one-of-a-kind orchard.
Seed Savers Exchange lifetime member Curzio Caravati of Kenosha, Wisconsin, is on a mission to inspire famers, hobby breeders, and backyard gardeners everywhere to grow and save rare potato varieties.Read More
There was no missing the intricate tree-branch teepee in the Evaluation Garden at Heritage Farm last summer. Sure, it towered high above the spectacular garden, which showcased a mix of flower, vegetable, and grain varieties from the Seed Savers Exchange collection. But that wasn’t the main reason the teepee captured the rapt attention of so many visitors—and birds and butterflies too.Read More
What does it mean for Seed Savers Exchange to be a member-supported nonprofit? You probably think first of the annual donation a member may make to the organization, but there are many ways Seed Savers Exchange members have not only contributed to the organization, but also impacted the heirloom seed movement in their own communities. Amy Frances LeBlanc, a SSE member since 1996, truly embodies the mission of SSE to promote and preserve our garden heritage.Read More
The 2018 Citizen Science Corps, consisting of 80 Seed Savers Exchange members, helped us take another giant step forward in preserving our collection. A total of 62 members participated in the ADAPT program, while 29 took part in the RENEW program—and some members did both. We are tremendously grateful for the passion and dedication that drives our member volunteers to help us pursue our mission.Read More
I still recall the excitement and anticipation of planning my very first real garden in 1981. My wife Susan and I, recently married, learned that graduate students at Dartmouth (where I was mid-degree) could pay practically nothing for a community plot in West Lebanon, New Hampshire, just a few minutes’ drive from our residence.Read More
You may well know that Seed Savers Exchange maintains an exquisite, unique collection of more than 20,000 vegetable, herb, flower, and fruit varieties amassed since its founding more than 40 years ago. But did you know that each year our Preservation team regenerates, evaluates, and collects the histories and traits of dozens of these varieties as we grow them at Heritage Farm, our northeast Iowa headquarters? This work allows us to identify interesting and high-performing varieties to introduce in our catalog so that home gardeners everywhere may enjoy them. We are thrilled to introduce the following 12 varieties, available for the first time this December both online and through our 2019 catalog.Read More